Diagnostic yield of genetic testing in a multinational heterogeneous cohort of 2088 DCM patients
Sep 19, 2023

Front Cardiovasc Med. 2023 Sep 19:10:1254272. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2023.1254272.


Background: Familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) causes heart failure and may lead to heart transplantation. DCM is typically a monogenic disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance. Currently disease-causing variants have been reported in over 60 genes that encode proteins in sarcomeres, nuclear lamina, desmosomes, cytoskeleton, and mitochondria. Over half of the patients undergoing comprehensive genetic testing are left without a molecular diagnosis even when patient selection follows strict DCM criteria.

Methods and results: This study was a retrospective review of patients referred for genetic testing at Blueprint Genetics due to suspected inherited DCM. Next generation sequencing panels included 23-316 genes associated with cardiomyopathies and other monogenic cardiac diseases. Variants were considered diagnostic if classified as pathogenic (P) or likely pathogenic (LP). Of the 2,088 patients 514 (24.6%) obtained a molecular diagnosis; 534 LP/P variants were observed across 45 genes, 2.7% (14/514) had two diagnostic variants in dominant genes. Nine copy number variants were identified: two multigene and seven intragenic. Diagnostic variants were observed most often in TTN (45.3%), DSP (6.7%), LMNA (6.7%), and MYH7 (5.2%). Clinical characteristics independently associated with molecular diagnosis were: a lower age at diagnosis, family history of DCM, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, absence of left bundle branch block, and the presence of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

Conclusions: Panel testing provides good diagnostic yield in patients with clinically suspected DCM. Causative variants were identified in 45 genes. In minority, two diagnostic variants were observed in dominant genes. Our results support the use of genetic panels in clinical settings in DCM patients with suspected genetic etiology.

Krista Heliö, Marcos Cicerchia, Julie Hathaway, Johanna Tommiska, Johanna Huusko, Inka Saarinen, Lotta Koskinen, Mikko Muona, Ville Kytölä, Janica Djupsjöbacka, Massimiliano Gentile, Pertteli Salmenperä, Tero-Pekka Alastalo, Christian Steinberg, Tiina Heliö, Jussi Paananen, Samuel Myllykangas, Juha Koskenvuo

Read the article here.


Last modified: April 04, 2024